Water Sourcing

Range pioneered large-scale water recycling for shale gas development in Pennsylvania in 2009. Range aims to recycle to the maximum extent possible. Over the years, several iterations of technologies and best practices have been developed and employed as part of the Company’s water management plan.

For the Marcellus Shale play, Range implements a comprehensive water sourcing plan based on safety, best practices, and applicable laws and regulations. These plans address regional geology, topography, site location and water accessibility. Range has strategically focused on securing water for our operations from multiple abundant, drought-tolerant sources that include public water utility companies, the Ohio River, and the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania.  Even though these are large sources, they are evaluated and regulated by the governing regulatory authorities; namely the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PA DEP) and the Susquehanna River basin Commission (SRBC).  These regulatory authorities provide withdrawal and passby limitations on these sources to be protective of the environment as well as other users. To mitigate any possible operational impacts during low or restricted flow periods, Range has also invested in infrastructure to facilitate storage during peak flow periods. Range monitors water withdrawals and flow rates in accordance with regulations for all water withdrawal points.

 2017 Flowback and Produced Water

FlowbackandProduced



  
2017 Aggregate Water Used for Operations

Water Used 2017






 
2017 Share of Water Sources Used for Operations

Share of Water Sources 2017

*Rainwater collected in site containments is typically fresh, but is categorized under PA DEP waste code 899 and managed as such. These volumes are included in Flowback, Produced, and Containment Water category.

2017 Fresh Water Intensity